health care policies and cost shifting, how might the ACA decrease cost shifting?, health and medicine homework help

1) Identify health care policies that use cost shifting. Argue the benefits of cost shifting. How might the Affordable Care Act decrease cost shifting within hospitals?

question must have citations and 3 current references

2) In what way does managed care actually manage cost? Does it do so without diminishing the quality of care? If so, how does it accomplish this?question must have citations and 3 current references